The First Matter
It may be concluded from the circumstances of the prophets, through inductive reasoning (al-istiqrā’ al-tāmm) and the analogy known as ‘hidden’ (al-qiyās al-khafī), [based on] the unvarying order [in similar things], that the pivot and basis of the prophets’ missions, and their dealings with their communities were found most perfectly and completely in Muhammad, Upon whom be blessings and peace, who was the master of mankind at the time of its maturity. This furnishes the best possible argument and proof that he was also the Messenger of Allah. For through the tongues of their miracles all the prophets as though testified to Muhammad’s truthfulness (Upon whom be peace), who was a luminous proof of the Maker’s existence and unity. Now reflect on this!
The Second Matter
Consider this, that although they were not necessarily wondrous, all Muhammad’s (Upon whom be peace) conduct and actions pointed initially to his truthfulness and finally to his justice and fairness. Do you not see how he acted in situations similar to the incident of the cave when there was no hope of aid: he declared with complete certainty, confidence, and earnestness: “Grieve not; verily, Allah is with us!”(9:40) Thus, his conduct at the start [of his mission] – his unconcern in the face of opponents, and his lack of fear and hesitation, and complete confidence – indicates that he adhered to the truth. Then his establishing at the end – the rules essential for attaining happiness in this world and the next – and the rightness of his actions and his adhering to the truth are all evidence for his justice and fairness. This was true for each of his actions. But if you take a look at all he did and all his conduct there will appear before your eyes a proof of his prophethood as brilliant as lightning. So reflect on this!
The Third Matter
Understand that the past and the present – that is, the Era of Bliss [the time of the Prophet] – and the future are united in affirming his prophethood, just as his own self was evidence for it. We should now study the following four pages. Firstly we seek blessings by studying his self, first of all by calling to mind four points:
Firstly: Even if they are of the highest standard, artificial and man-made things can never be equal to what is natural and ‘real’ or take their place. The slips and blunders of artificiality will surely show up the imposture.