with the [obligations of the] the Mosaic Law, but who subsequently failed in those [obligations], is that of a donkey which carries huge tomes [but understands them not].”(62:5) “We have put yokes round their necks right up to their chins, so that their heads are forced up [and they cannot see].”(36:8) And so on.
And in the station of argument and deduction: “Their similitude is that of a man who kindled a fire.”(2:17) “Or [another similitude] is that of a rain-laden cloud from the sky; in it are zones of darkness...(to the end of the verse).”(2:18) “Or the parable of those who reject faith is that of the beast which hears the shepherd’s cry, and hears in it nothing but the sound of a voice and a call.”(2:171) “The parable of those who take protectors other than Allah is that of the spider, who builds [to itself] a house.”(29:41) “He sends down water from the skies, and the channels flow, each according to its measure; but the torrent bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface. Even so, from [ore] which they smelt in the fire, to make ornaments or utensils therewith, there is a scum likewise.”(13:17) “Allah puts forth a parable, a man belonging to many partners at variance with each other, and a man belonging entirely to one master: are those two equal in comparison?”(39:29) And so on.
An example of pride and dignity, even if not so-called, that illustrates divine sublimity and perfection: “No just estimate have they made of Allah, such as is due to Him; on the Day of Judgement the whole of the earth will be but His handful, and the heavens will be rolled up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! High is He above the partners they attribute to Him!”(39:67) And so on.
The only examples of allegorical comparisons in the station of apology and excuse are such futile excuses as are mentioned to express disapproval: “They say: Our hearts are under veils, [concealed] from that to which you invite us, and in our ears is a deafness, and between us and you is a screen.”(41:5) And so on. As it says in the poem:
Suppose not that my dance among you is joyful,
For the slaughtered fowl dances out of pain.
Examples in the Qur’an of admonishment about the luxuries of this life are these: “Here is a similitude; how rain and the growth which it brings forth delight [the hearts of] the tillers; soon it withers; you will see it grow yellow; then it becomes dry and crumbles away.”(57:20) “Do you see not that Allah sends down rain from the sky, and leads it through springs in the earth? Then He causes it to grow, therewith, produce of various colours.”