The All-Wise Qur’an, which makes known to us our Sustainer, is as follows: it is the pre-eternal translator of the great book of the universe; the discloser of the treasures of the divine names concealed in the pages of the earth and the heavens; the key to the truths hidden beneath the lines of events; the treasury of the Most Merciful’s favours and of the pre-eternal addresses, which issue forth from the World of the Unseen beyond the veil of this Manifest World; the sun, foundation, and plan of the spiritual world of Islam, and the map of the worlds of the hereafter; the distinct expounder, lucid exposition, articulate proof, and clear translator of the divine essence, attributes, and deeds; the instructor, true wisdom, guide, and leader of the world of humanity; it is both a book of wisdom and law, and a book of prayer and worship, and a book of command and summons, and a book of invocation and divine knowledge – it is book for all spiritual needs; and it is a sacred library offering books appropriate to the ways of all the saints and veracious, and the purified and the scholars, whose ways and paths are all different.
Consider the flashes of miraculousness in its repetitions, which are imagined to be a fault: since the Qur’an is both a book of invocation, and of prayer, and of summons, the repetition in it is desirable, indeed, it is essential and most eloquent. It is not as the faulty imagine. For the mark of invocation is illumination through repetition. The mark of prayer is strengthening through repetition. The mark of command and summons is confirmation through repetition. Moreover, not everyone is capable of always reading the whole Qur’an, but mostly is able to read one Sura. Therefore, since the most important purposes of the Qur’an are included in the longer Suras, each is like a small Qur’an. That is to say, so that no one should be deprived, its purposes such as divine unity, the resurrection of the dead, and the story of Moses have been repeated. Also, like bodily needs, spiritual needs are various. Man is in need of some things each breath; like the body needs air, the spirit needs the word Hu\ (He). Some he is in need of each hour, like “In the Name of God.” And so on. This means the repetition of verses arises from the repetition of need. It makes the repetition in order to point out the need and awaken and excite it, and to arouse desire and appetite.
Moreover, the Qur’an is a founder; it is the basis of the Clear Religion and the foundation of the world of Islam. It transformed human society, and is the answer to the repeated questions of its various classes. Repetition is necessary for a founder in order to establish things. It is necessary to corroborate them. Confirmation and repetition are necessary to strengthen them.