victorious over all your enemies, will succeed in the conquest of Mecca,1 Khaybar,2 Damascus and Iraq,3 Persia, and Jerusalem,4 and will share among yourselves the treasures of the rulers of the greatest empires, the Byzantines and the Persians.”5 He did not say this as a matter of conjecture or personal opinion; he said it as if he had seen it, and what he said came true as predicted. This was despite the fact that at the time he foretold it he had to migrate to Medina with a handful of followers, with the rest of the world, including the environs of Medina, hostile to him!
He also repeatedly declared, according to authentic and certain narrations, that Abu Bakr and ‘Umar would outlive him and be his Caliphs, that they would act for God’s sake and within the bounds of God’s pleasure and that of the Prophet (UWBP), that Abu Bakr’s rule would be short, and that ‘Umar would remain a long time to succeed in many conquests. Thus he said: “Incumbent upon you is following the path of those who come after me, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.”6
He also declared: “The earth was laid out before me, and its eastern and western extremities were displayed to me; the realm of my community shall extend over whatever was laid out before me.”7 And his words proved to be true.
According to an authentic and certain narration, before the Battle of Badr, he pointed out one by one the places where the leaders of the Quraysh would be killed, saying: “Abu Jahl will be killed here, ‘Utba here, Umayya here, etc.,”8 and added, “I shall kill ‘Ubayy b. Khalaf with my own hands.”9 His predictions all proved to be true.
Again, according to an authentic and certain narration, he informed his Companions about what was happening in the celebrated Battle of Mu’ta, near Damascus – at a distance of one month’s journey from where he was – as if he were seeing his Companions fighting in the battle, and said: “Zayd has taken the banner and been struck; now Ibn Rawaha has taken the banner and been struck; now Ja‘far has taken the banner and been struck; now
‘Ali al-Qari, Sharh≥ al-Bukhari, i, 678, 679.
‘Ali al-Qari, Sharh al-Shifa’, i, 679.
‘Ali al-Qari, Sharh al-Shifa’, i, 678.
‘Ali al-Qari, Sharh al-Shifa’, i, 678, 679.
Bukhari, Jihad 157; Manaqib, 25; Iman, 3; Muslim, Fitan, 75, 76; Tirmidhi, Fitan, 41.
Tirmidhi, Manaqib, 16, 37; Ibn Maja, Muqaddima, 11; Musnad, v, 382, 385, 399, 402.
Muslim, Fitan, 19, 20; Abu Da’ud, Fitan, 1; Tirmidhi, Fitan, 14; Ibn Maja, Fitan, 9; Musnad, iv, 123, 278, 284.
Muslim, Jihad, 83; Janna, 76; Abu Da’ud, Jihad, 115; Nasa’i, Jana’iz, 117; Musnad, i, 26; iii, 219, 258.
al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, ii, 327.